Home » Simplify Your Month-End Close: How to Handle Accruals in QuickBooks

Simplify Your Month-End Close: How to Handle Accruals in QuickBooks

by Victor

Month-end closing is a crucial process for businesses, ensuring that all financial activities are accurately recorded and that your financial statements reflect your company’s true financial position. One essential aspect of month-end closing is handling accruals. Accrual accounting helps recognize expenses and revenues when they are incurred, regardless of when the cash transaction occurs. This guide will help you understand how to handle month-end accruals in QuickBooks, simplifying your close process and ensuring accurate financial reporting.

Understanding Accruals

Accrual accounting involves recording revenues and expenses when they are earned or incurred, not necessarily when the cash is received or paid. This method provides a more accurate picture of a company’s financial health. Month-end accruals typically include:

  1. Accrued Expenses: Expenses that have been incurred but not yet paid.
  2. Accrued Revenues: Revenues that have been earned but not yet received.

By properly managing these accruals, you can ensure that your financial statements reflect the true state of your business.

Setting Up Accruals in QuickBooksStep 1: Identify Accrual Transactions

The first step in handling month-end accruals is to identify all transactions that need to be accrued. Common accrual transactions include:

  • Unpaid invoices for services or goods received.
  • Unbilled revenue for services provided.
  • Accrued salaries and wages.
  • Interest expenses not yet paid.

Review your financial records and make a list of all transactions that fall into these categories.

Step 2: Create Accrual Journal Entries

Once you have identified the transactions that need to be accrued, the next step is to create journal entries in QuickBooks. Here’s how to do it:

  1. Access the Journal Entry Function:
  • Go to the ‘Company’ menu.
  • Select ‘Make General Journal Entries’.

Enter Accrual Details:

  • Date: Set the date to the last day of the month.
  • Account: Choose the appropriate expense or revenue account.
  • Debit or Credit: Enter the amount to be accrued as a debit for expenses or a credit for revenues.
  • Description: Provide a brief description of the accrual.

Offsetting Entry:

  • For expenses, create an offsetting credit entry in an accrued liabilities account.
  • For revenues, create an offsetting debit entry in an accrued revenues account.

Save the Entry: Once all details are entered, save the journal entry.

Step 3: Adjust Accruals as Needed

At the beginning of the next month, you will need to reverse the accrual entries made at month-end. This ensures that the expenses or revenues are not double-counted when the actual transaction occurs. To reverse the entries:

  1. Access the Journal Entry Function: Go to the ‘Company’ menu and select ‘Make General Journal Entries’.
  2. Enter Reversal Details:
  • Date: Set the date to the first day of the new month.
  • Account: Use the same accounts as the original entry but in reverse.
  • Debit or Credit: Enter the same amount as the original entry but in reverse (credit for expenses, debit for revenues).

Save the Reversal: Save the journal entry to complete the reversal process.

Best Practices for Managing Month-End Accruals

1. Maintain Accurate Records

Keep detailed records of all transactions that need to be accrued. This includes invoices, contracts, and any other relevant documentation. Accurate records will help ensure that all necessary accruals are captured and recorded correctly.

2. Regularly Review Accruals

Regularly review your accruals to ensure they are accurate and up-to-date. This includes verifying that all accrued expenses and revenues have been reversed appropriately at the beginning of the next month.

3. Use Recurring Journal Entries

For regular accruals, such as monthly utility bills or recurring revenue, consider setting up recurring journal entries in QuickBooks. This can save time and reduce the risk of errors.

  1. Set Up Recurring Transactions:
  • Go to the ‘Lists’ menu.
  • Select ‘Memorized Transaction List’.
  • Click ‘Memorize’ to create a recurring transaction template.

Customize the Template:

  • Enter the details of the recurring transaction.
  • Set the frequency and duration for the transaction to repeat.

Save the Template: Save the recurring transaction template to automate the accrual process.

4. Leverage QuickBooks Reporting

QuickBooks offers a variety of reports that can help you manage your accruals and monitor your financial health. Key reports to consider include:

  • Accrual Basis Profit and Loss Report: Provides a detailed view of your revenues and expenses on an accrual basis.
  • Balance Sheet Report: Shows your company’s financial position, including accrued liabilities and accrued revenues.
  • Accounts Payable and Receivable Reports: Help track outstanding invoices and unbilled revenues.

Regularly review these reports to ensure your financial statements are accurate and complete.

5. Collaborate with Your Accountant

Working closely with your accountant can help ensure that your accruals are handled correctly. Your accountant can provide valuable insights and guidance on best practices for managing accruals and ensuring compliance with accounting standards.


Handling month-end accruals in QuickBooks doesn’t have to be a daunting task. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can simplify the process and ensure that your financial statements accurately reflect your business’s financial health. Whether you need to import, upload, sync, or reconcile your accrual data, SaasAnt Transactions streamlines these tasks. Proper management of accruals provides a clearer picture of your company’s performance, aiding in better decision-making and financial planning.

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