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Are Your Homes Ready For Electric Vehicle Revolution?

by Victor

In Australia, the adaptation of EV or electric vehicles has been less than 1% of the light vehicle fleet but there is an acceleration of the global switch. Car manufacturers are targeting producing EV cars to tap the market, which is still in its infancy. The Australian market is seeing varieties of EVs and manufacturers are signaling in moving away from the internal combustion engines. 

Are you ready for the EV revolution?

Until now public chargers were the main barriers to buying an EV model. Nevertheless, this gap is being breached with an increase in public charging networks. The infrastructure that supports and encourages the uptake of EVs is also good. 

Electrical vehicle types

Three main types of EVs are seen on Australian roads. Currently, the number is small but growing slowly.

  1. Hybrid vehicles
  2. Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles [PHEVs]
  3. Battery Electric Vehicles [BEVs]

Remember, all the EVs need Type 2 charging cables because without them they cannot charge at a majority of public charging stations in Australia. Jucer brand offers an array of BEV and PHEV charging technology products. Check out the type 2 stretch charging cable on their website. 

Is your home EV-ready?

EVs are affordable and have a range of 300+ km. If you are planning to switch or add an electric transport then assess the electrics of your home and prepare to install an EV charging point. It is called Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment [EVSE]. 

Nevertheless, the regular power-point within your home is a good but slowest charging option. When a car is plugged into a family home with a 10 amp plug powered by an electric grid then it is called level-1 charging.

With a 16 amp socket, the charging takes approximately 12 hours. For quick charging, there is a need for a level 2 charger installed in the parking location or home for overnight charging. They offer 7kW to 22kW charging power and are capable to fill a Nissan Leaf battery for 7 hours of use. Ten minutes of charging at 7kW offer you a 7.2 km distance allowing you to ride 40 km, which is handy at times. Public stations that offer level 2 charging at higher rates via 22kW charger then you gain 110 km of recharge per hour. 

Every charger uses AC with an inbuilt converter in the EV that changes it to DC power and feeds the battery. The advantage of EV technology is the vehicles can be charged directly with DC, which is what you can expect from a majority of public charging stations. 

  • If EVSE is positioned indoors then a 15A outlet or fixed wall box is fine. It will not require outdoor use rating.
  • If EVSE will be positioned outdoor then choose sufficient shelter or choose the EVSE with an IP rating [minimum IP53]. The electrician will suggest the necessary IP rating.
  • If the position is exposed completely to the climate then a maximum IP rating is mandatory. For mode 2 outlets the rating is IP66, while for wall-mounted IP65 is necessary. 

Home EV charging system installation will depend on household supply capacity, charging speed needs, and budget!

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